All About Tendonitis or Tendinitis
Tendonitis or tendinitis refers to the same condition. It is an inflammation or swelling of tendons. The most common cause of tendonitis or tendinitis is an overuse injury. Tendons are a type of tissue bands that attach muscle to bone. When the muscles contract, the tendons help move the joints and bones. Tendons can injure due to numerous reasons. Tendons can be large, or small, like the delicate, miniature bands in the hands, like the thick cords that anchor the calf or thigh muscles.
Paradoxically, tendonitis can result from an infection, such as gonorrhea. Tendonitis is common in heel, elbow, knee, wrist and the shoulder, even though it can occur anywhere. For reasons that are uncertain, tendonitis is also common in people with diabetes. Why this happens is unknown.
In this article, we will provide information as to cause, symptoms and treatment options. Also, we will discuss things you can do to prevent them from in the first place.
Before we start, we like to point out that there are scenarios where the actual cause is unknown; when identifiable, the condition usually happens for one of two reasons:
- Overuse — Repetitive motions or movements.
- Overload — The degree of a specific action, such as weightlifting, is increased too quickly.
What Causes Tendon Pain?
Tendon injuries usually occur in sports activities – during sudden sharp movements such as jumping and throwing. It can also happen when you repeatedly overuse muscle (e.g., running or bicycling). On the other hand, tendonitis can also be caused due to repeated daily activities such as using the mopping, sweeping, computer mouse or keyboard – which is known as “Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).”
Tendonitis is similar to bursitis as they occur around bones and muscles. Also, both can occur anywhere in the body. As far, tendonitis; it occurs mainly to tendons of muscle. In other words, it can impact your neck, shoulders, upper back, arms, elbows, wrists, mid back, low back, hips, knees, legs and of course ankles, and feet. Shoulder pain, leg pain, arm pain, and hip pain are common compliant as is neck and back pain in patients with tendonitis.
Tendons can injure due to numerous reasons. The main types of tendon injuries are:
- Tendonitis – This is an inflammation of the tendon
- Tendon Rupture – A sudden tear in a tendon Tenosynovitis – The inflammation of the protective sheath that surrounds a tendon
- Tendinopathy – This is a condition where the tendon deteriorates gradually
Inflamed Tendon and Tendonopathy is the result of premature wear and tear.
Care must be taken to avoid complications. Prolonged and neglected tendinitis often leads to degenerative changes within a tendon. Our advice, seek professional care from our clinical teams as soon as possible. A degenerated tendon will lead to life-long conditions; predisposing you to lose muscle tone, frequent tears, and even surgery. Call one of our centers for the best tendonitis treatment in town.
Symptoms of Injured or Inflamed Tendons and Tendonopathy
Tendonitis can affect many parts of the body. Some of the most affected regions include shoulders, wrists, elbows, fingers, knees, and the back of the heels. Here are some of the common symptoms of tendonitis:
- Pain that worsens when the affected area is moved
- A lump on the tendon that is affected
- Swelling in the area – sometimes with heat and redness
- Stiffness that worsens in the morning
- A crackling sensation when the affected tendon moves
- Unable to move the affected joint at times
Tendon Tear and Inflamed Tendons
A neglected condition can lead to a tendon tear. However, tendon tear can occur without ever having tendonitis. With a tendon tear or tendon rupture, people often feel sudden severe pain. This pain may settle fully or partially in time but can return time and again. Chronic cases of a tendon tear may develop into a dull ache that continues for some time. It may be difficult to move the affected area when this happens. You should immediately stop the activity and rest the affected area when you experience tendon ruptures. Once the symptoms improve, you can return to doing your activities on a gradual basis. Applying a frozen bag of vegetables wrapped in a towel or an ice pack can help relieve the pain under such circumstances.
Tendon injuries at the shoulder
Shoulders are the most common site of tendon issues and injury. It may include the tendon of the supraspinatus muscle, which attaches to the upper portion of the upper arm bone (humerus). Less commonly, it impacts the tendon of the infraspinatus muscle or tendons of the rotator cuff. Typically, the supraspinatus tendon injury results from overuse or occupation, which requires the arm to be elevated.
Inflamed and painful tendons in the elbow
There are two forms of the elbow tendonitis: medial epicondylitis and lateral epicondylitis. Both are overuse injuries that are common among athletes.
Lateral epicondylitis or the tennis elbow causes pain on the outer elbow joint. This condition probably affects 40% to 50 percent of athletes who play racquet sports. Additionally, it can be caused by any activity that twists and flexes the wrist, such as with a screwdriver, pulling weeds or those who frequently carry heavy objects.
Medial epicondylitis or the golfer’s elbow leads to pain along the inner or medial parts of the elbow. It is a less common injury when compared to the lateral or tennis elbow. Swinging a golf club or throwing a baseball when it does occur as a sports injury can trigger medial epicondylitis. Most importantly, you don’t have to a golfer to suffer from this. It can happen to office executives or factory workers who never played tennis or golf.
Tendonitis in the knee, known as the Jumper’s knee impacts the tendinous attachments of the kneecap. It’s a common overuse injury, particularly in distance runners and basketball players.
Painful wrist due to tendon injury or damage
Tendonitis at the wrist results from the repetitive wrist and hand movements. It is also common during pregnancy.
Heel pain caused by an Achilles tendonitis is due to Overuse, especially in sports that require repeated jumping or running, it accounts for 15% of all running injuries. Achilles tendonitis can be Associated with poorly fitting shoes or to faulty running technique if the trunk of the shoe pushes into the Achilles tendon. Less often tendonitis is related to an illness, like Ankylosing Spondylitis, gout, reactive arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
How To Prevent Tendon Pain, Tendon Tear, and Tendon Injury?
If you are a professional athlete or a weekend warrior her are some things you can do that prevents damage to tendons:
- Warming up before a workout session and cooling down after the session
- Use the correct equipment for the activity that you perform – such as wearing the correct footwear at all times.
- Get a coach you so that you can perfect the technique in the type of activity you perform.
- Don’t exert yourself beyond your physical capabilities
- Take a break if you have to perform repetitive movements for a longer time
- Your desk and the computer should be placed in a comfortable position before you start work.
- If you are involved in a job that has repetitive movements, ask the employer to provide appropriate rest periods. Also, specific devices to support your wrists can help improve the posture.
- Never overlook even minor tendon injury, visit one of our center as the onset of symptoms for fastest recovery.
Read the research on Tendonitis and Chiropractic care as published in the Candian Journal of Chiropractic Association.
How to Treat Tendonopathy and Inflamed Tendons?
You should treat even a minor tendon injury to prevent the worsening of your situation. Although, mild tendon injuries can get better on its own, untreated tendon disorder will result in scar tissue or adhesions over time. This can be a major reason for repeated injury on the same tendon over time. That is why it is important that you seek medical assistance at the onset of tendon injuries. In our centers, the care you get is through the collaborative efforts of the best non-surgical teams of Chiropractors and Physiotherapists.
We have the skills, knowledge, and technology to treat your spine and joint disorders better than others effectively. We have succeeded when others fail. Our methods of treatments address the causes of your condition. Visit a Chiropractic Specialty Center today to discover advanced treatment options today. We have helped thousands of patients reclaim their lives. Let us help you now. Our expert team of chiropractors and clinical physiotherapists will diagnose and treat the condition by using holistic methods. If your case is severe or suspected of ruptures, our team will refer you to diagnostic testing such as an MRI or ultrasound scan to ascertain the severity of your tendonitis if needed.